ESCAPE Types of Abuse Violence can take many forms—psychological, emotional, financial, physical, sexual. TYPES OF ABUSE Intimate Partner Abuse: Intimate partner abuse is about one person in a relationship using a pattern of behaviors to maintain power and control over the other person. it can happen to people who are married or not married, heterosexual, gay or lesbian, living together, separated or dating. Intimate partner abuse happens regardless of culture, religion, age, income or education. EMOTIONAL ABUSE Emotional abuse can have many characteristics Some of the more commonly reported forms include: yelling silent treatment raging forced to do degrading acts putdowns controlling sarcasm isolation from family & friends blame belittlement threats threats of killing self/partner/children/pets PHYSICAL ABUSE Some examples of physical abuse include: pushing threatening with weapons shoving use of weapons slapping restraining punching burning choking hair pulling pinching withholding medical treatment biting sleep deprivation spitting withholding food cutting physical intimidation FINANCIAL ABUSE Many people do not recognize financial abuse but it is a common means that abusive individuals use to control their partners. This type of abuse may include: Allowing no access to money running up bills withholding financial information taking and/or belittling your financial contribution threatening to cut off financial support if you leave SEXUAL ABUSE There is sometimes a misconception that one can not be sexually abused by a partner. The following are some forms of sexual abuse: Forcing or coercing sex (rape) insisting on sexual acts accusing partner of cheating assaulting breasts or genitals being forced to watch or make pornography EVEN IN RELATIONSHIPS, CONSENT TO PARTICIPATE IN SEXUAL ACTIVITY IS REQUIRED. CHILD ABUSE Child abuse refers to any form of physical, psychological, social, emotional or sexual maltreatment of a child whereby the survival, safety, self-esteem, growth and development of the child are endangered. There are four main types of child abuse: neglect, emotional, physical and sexual. Child abuse should be reported to the appropriate authorities. In Nova Scotia the toll-free number to report Child Abuse is 1-888-919-4236 or 1-866-922-2434 (after hours).